T. arjuna grows to about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.
The tree does not suffer from any major diseases or pests, but it is susceptible to Phyllactinia terminale and rot due to polystictus affinis.
Arjuna bark contains various phytochemicals, including tannins, flavonoids, saponins, and triterpenoids.The primary active compounds are arjunolic acid and arjunic acid.
Rasa (Taste): Kashaya (Astringent) Tikta (Bitter
Guna (Quality): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Vipak : Katu (Pungent)
Is Arjun safe:
Arjuna is generally considered safe when used responsibly and under appropriate guidance. However, it’s essential to prioritize safety and consult with a healthcare provider before incorporating it into your health regimen, especially if you have specific health concerns or are taking other medications.
Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna) may have contraindications and should be used with caution or avoided in certain situations:Allergic Reaction,Low Blood Pressure, Surgery,Pregnancy and Breastfeeding.