Cissus quadrangularis, commonly known as “Asthishrinkhla” or “Hadjod” in Ayurvedic medicine, is a succulent plant native to the Indian subcontinent and parts of Africa. It is a perennial vine that belongs to the Vitaceae family. The plant is characterized by the following botanical features:
1.Stem: The stem is square in cross-section, giving the plant its common name “quadrangularis.” It is woody, fleshy, and often reddish or greenish in color.
2.Leaves: The leaves are simple, ovate to elliptical in shape, and have serrated margins. They are typically arranged oppositely on the stem.
3.Flowers: The small, greenish-yellow flowers are inconspicuous and form clusters.
4.Fruits: The fruits are small, berry-like, and turn red when ripe.
Cissus quadrangularis contains a variety of chemical constituents, including:
1.Phytochemicals: Triterpenoids, flavonoids, and various polyphenolic compounds.
2.Calcium: High calcium content, which contributes to its bone-strengthening properties.
3.Β-Sitosterol: A plant sterol with potential health benefits.
4.Resveratrol: A polyphenol with antioxidant properties.
5.Phytosterols: Plant compounds that can have cholesterol-lowering effects.
Ayurvedic properties of Asthishrinkhla :
1.Rasa (Taste): Asthishrinkhla is associated with the “Katu” (pungent) taste, as it influences the bones and joints.
2.Guna (Quality): The predominant guna is “Laghu” (light) as bones are considered relatively light in comparison to other tissues.
3.Virya (Potency): It is often attributed with “Ushna” (hot) virya, reflecting the warming nature that supports bone health.
Cissus quadrangularis is known for its diverse properties, including:
Analgesic: It can help relieve pain and discomfort.
Anti-inflammatory: Has anti-inflammatory properties that can reduce inflammation in the body.
Anti-osteoporotic: Supports bone health and may help prevent osteoporosis.
Antioxidant: Due to its polyphenolic compounds, it acts as an antioxidant, protecting cells from oxidative stress.
Anti-ulcerogenic: May have protective effects against gastric ulcers.
Cissus quadrangularis has been traditionally used in Ayurvedic and traditional medicine systems for various purposes, including:
1.Bone Health: It is commonly used to promote bone healing and strengthen bones. It may be beneficial in cases of fractures and osteoporosis.
2.Joint Health: Cissus quadrangularis is used to alleviate joint pain and support the management of conditions like arthritis.
3.Weight Management: Some studies suggest that it may aid in weight management by reducing appetite and promoting fat loss.
4.Gastrointestinal Health: It is believed to have gastroprotective effects and may be used to manage gastric ulcers and related digestive issues.
5.Anti-inflammatory: The plant’s anti-inflammatory properties make it useful for managing various inflammatory conditions.
6.Wound Healing: It is applied topically in some traditional medicine practices to accelerate wound healing.