Bhringaraj is a creeping herb that grows to a height of1to 3 feet . It has a long stalk and white coloured flowers which are solitary, winged and about 6 to 8 mm in diameter. The leaves are sessile, lance-shaped and arranged in the opposite orientation. It has distinct cylindrical and grey coloured roots. The herb mostly grows in the moist regions of India, China, Nepal, Thailand, and Brazil.
Bhringaraj is widely mentioned in several ayurvedic scriptures as bhring, markav, angarak, keshraaj, bhringaar, and keshranjan. The Sanskrit scriptures of Raj Nighantu categorises bhringaraj into three types:
• Shweta Bhringaraj (possesses white coloured flowers)
• Peet Bhringaraj (possesses yellow coloured flowers)
• Neel Bhringaraj (possesses blue coloured flower
The principal constituents of Eclipta alba are Coumestan derivatives like Wedololactone, Demethylwedelolactone, Desmethyl-wedelolactone-7glucoside and other constituents are Ecliptal, β-amyrin, Luteolin-7-O-glucoside, Hentriacontanol, Heptacosanol, Stigmasterol.
Bhringraj powder is very beneficial to prevent hair fall due to its Keshya (hair growth enhancer) property. It helps to maintain good digestion and appetite due to its Ushna (hot), Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion) properties. It also helps to prevent constipation due to its Rechana (laxative) property.
Use of bhringaraj should be avoided while pregnancy It should be use under the prescription of physicians.