Scientific Name: Punica granatum

Family: Lythraceae


Dadima, or Pomegranate, is a deciduous shrub or small tree known for its attractive, round fruit filled with juicy seeds. It can reach heights of 5 to 8 meters. The plant has glossy, lance-shaped leaves and striking scarlet or orange-red flowers. Pomegranate fruit is typically spherical and has a tough, leathery rind that protects the numerous edible seeds inside. These seeds are surrounded by a sweet, tangy, and juicy pulp. Pomegranate trees are widely cultivated for their delicious and nutritious fruits.

Chemical Constituents:

Pomegranates are rich in bioactive compounds, including polyphenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and punicalagins. These constituents contribute to the fruit’s antioxidant properties and health benefits. Additionally, pomegranates contain vitamins (such as vitamin C and vitamin K), minerals, and dietary fiber.

In Ayurveda, Dadima is considered a “Tridosha Shamaka” fruit, meaning it balances all three doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. It is praised in Ayurvedic scriptures with the following shloka:

“दाडिमं तु गर्मी वीर्यं मधुरं कषाय तिक्तकं।
सर्वदोषहरं रुक्षं बल्यं शुक्रकरं पितम्॥”
Rasa : Kasäya, Madhura, Amla
Guna : Laghu, Snigdha
Virya : Usna
Vipaka : Madhuta/Amla
Karma : Hridya, sukrala,Grahi, dipanam, rucyam,astringent, stomachic, digestive, cooling, Anthelmintic, diureticIndication :
Raktapita, raktatisara, raktarsas, jvara, Daha,ulcers, anaemia, splenomegaly, bronchitis, otalgia, dysentery, diarrohea, cardiotonic, scabies
Part used :
Seed, fruit, root, bark, leaves, fruit covering

Dadima, or Pomegranate, is renowned for its numerous health benefits.

  1. Nervous system: The Fruit acts as a brain Tonic, It acts on mental debility and associated disorders
  2. Digestive system: The fruit is an appetite stimulant, increases desire for foods, inhibits thirst, and acts as an astringent. It is also used on tape worm. Weak appetite, amoebiasis, dipsia, peptic disorder and such pitta disorders, and also diarrhoea, loose motions, it is extremely useful. In worm infestation 10-20 ml. of the root bark decoction is given on an empty stomach followed by a laxative next day.
  3. Circulatory system : The fruit is cardio tonic and haemostatic. It is useful in blood disorders like anaemia and bleeding disorders. In nose bleeds, the decoction of the fruit rind should be given as a nasya. Seeds should be used in acid peptic disease.
  4. Respiratory system : Being astringent. the bud ameliorates kapha. The fruit ads as an expectorant. In infantile kapha disorders, the fruit is ground in goat’s milk and is given as a licking agent. The flowers are useful in cough induced by vata and pitta.
  5. Urinary system : It acts as diuretic and hence useful in urinary disorders,
  6. Reproductive system : As it promotes semen, it is used in seminal debility. The decoction of fruit rind is used for uttarbasti in vaginal discharges.
  7. It is a potent antioxidant due to its high polyphenol content, which helps protect cells from oxidative damage.
  8. Pomegranate is known to support heart health by reducing cholesterol levels and blood pressure, thereby lowering the risk of heart disease.
  9. Furthermore, Dadima is rich in vitamin C, which boosts the immune system and helps the body fight infections. It is used to treat anemia due to its iron content.

Contraindications :

While Dadima is generally safe and beneficial, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to pomegranate. People taking certain medications like blood thinners should consult a healthcare professional before consuming pomegranate or its supplements, as it may interact with these drugs. Excessive consumption of pomegranate may cause digestive discomfort or diarrhoea in some individuals.