Scientific name – Datura stramonium

Family – Solanaceae

Datura, (genus Datura), also called thorn apple, genus of about nine species of poisonous flowering plants in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). Several Datura species are collected for use as drugs, and others are cultivated for their showy flowers. Many are considered weeds in warm parts of the world and commonly grow along roadsides and other disturbed habitats. Datura species are often confused with members of the related genus Brugmansia, which features a number of ornamental trees and shrubs known as angel’s trumpets.
Datura species are herbaceous sprawling annuals or short-lived perennials, characterized by large trumpet-shaped flowers. The fragrant flowers can be white, yellow, pink, or purple and produce a spiny capsule fruit with numerous seeds. The leaves are simple and alternately arranged, with lobed, wavy, or entire margins. The plants contain potent alkaloids, including atropine, scopolamine, and hyoscyamine, and can be fatal if ingested.


Plant 60-120 cm or more tall, branched, pubescent; the branches often purplish. Leaves 8-17 x 4-13 cm, ovate or broadly so, sinuately dentate, minutely puberulose, cuneate.
Petiole 2-5 cm long. Calyx 3.5-5.5 cm long, tubular, 5-dentate, puberulous, persistent. Lobes 6-9 mm long, strongly reflexed in fruit, apiculate. Corolla 7-10 cm long, white or purplish suffused; limb up to 8 cm broad, shallowly 5-lobed, with the lobes, ± triangularacuminate. Anthers ± 5 mm long, with the lobes narrow oblong, usually white. Capsule erect, 3-4 cm long, ovoid, spiny and densely pubescent, splitting by 4 valves; spines up to 5 mm long. Seeds 3 mm long, reniform, reticulate-foveolate, and black.

Properties –
Guna (qualities) -Laghu (lightness), Rooksha (dryness
Rasa (taste) – Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent)
Vipaka – Katu (undergoes pungent taste conversion after digestion)
Veerya – Ushna (hot potency)
• Effect on Tridosha – useful to balance Kapha and Vata Dosha
• Pharmacological action – Sedative, Antispasmodic, Anti asthmatic, Bronchodilator,
Chemical composition –
Imbibed with powerful hallucinogenic and deliriant properties, Datura has a mother lode of –
• Antioxidants, Flavonoids, Alkaloids, Organic compounds, and minerals.
The bioactive components in Datura include –
• Daturine, Daturadiol, Hyoscine, Atropine, Noratropine, Fastudine, Allantoin, Hypocyamine, Norhyosciamine, Tropane, Meteolodine, Scopolamine, Mucilage, Albumen, Vitamin C, Niacin, and Malic Acids.

Benefits –

  1. Improves Respiratory Health
    Famed as a traditional remedy for all sorts of respiratory troubles, Datura is truly effective as an alternative treatment for asthmatic conditions. Having powerful antiinflammatory, expectorant, and anti-spasmodic properties, the entire plant hold high significance in treating all sorts of respiratory troubles including the common cold, flu, whooping cough, asthma, bronchitis, etc.
  2. Aids In Cardiac Functioning
    Datura has been found to have a positive effect on the heart. Being a natural antioxidant and a cardio-protective herb, it plays a pivotal role in treating a host of heart ailments.
  3. Relaxes The Mind
    Datura is famed for its effects on the human mind. The presence of adaptogenic, hypnotic, and sedative properties not only improves the mood but also relieves stress. It holds high significance in normalising the Vata and Pitta Doshas in the body which in turn keeps the stress hormone, i.e. serotonin hormone level under control.
  4. Enhances Fertility And Childbirth
    Datura offers a one-shot traditional remedy for boosting libido and improving fertility in both men and women. It showcases strong aphrodisiac properties that not only helps in reducing mental stress and anxiety but also stimulates the reproductive hormones for increasing libido. It plays a key role in increasing virility and stamina in men.
  5. Bolsters Immune System

The abundance of antioxidants and ascorbic acid present in Datura makes it one of the well-known folk remedies for improving the immune system, fighting microbes and shielding the body against various infections.

  1. Promotes Digestion
    Datura showcases strong digestive and carminative properties which offer an effective remedy for all sorts of digestive anomalies.
  2. Remedies Insomnia
    By reducing the levels of cortisol, which is a stress hormone, Datura holds high significance in attenuating stress. Thanks to the sedative effects of Datura, it is widely used for improving the quality, and duration of sleep.
  3. Reduces Pain And Inflammation
    Thanks to the presence of strong pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects, Datura is extensively used to provide relief in case of painful conditions like arthritis, muscle spasms, etc.
  4. Treats Fever
    Imbued with potent anti-parasitic and temperature reducing effects, the fruit of Datura is used effectively in treating different types of fever.
  5. Induces Lactation
    On daily consumption, Datura or any of its formulation help increase the production of prolactin and corticoids, which help produce breast milk, which in turn improves lactation and the quality of breast milk.