Scientific name: Ricinus communis
Family: Euphorbiaceae


Eranda, commonly known as the Castor Oil Plant, is a fast-growing perennial shrub or small tree native to Africa. It can reach heights of 1-5 meters and has large, palmate leaves with serrated edges. The plant produces spiky, green to reddish-brown fruit capsules, each containing seeds that yield castor oil. Castor oil is extracted from these seeds. Eranda is well-adapted to various climates and is cultivated for its oil-rich seeds.

Chemical Composition: The seeds of the Eranda plant are rich in various chemicals, with castor oil being the most prominent product. Castor oil contains ricinoleic acid, which gives it its medicinal properties. The seeds also contain proteins, alkaloids, flavonoids, and other fatty acids.

Properties : In Ayurveda, Eranda is known for its “Vata” balancing properties. It is described in Ayurvedic texts as “Vatahara”.
Rasa : Madhura, Katu, Kasaya,
Guna : Snigdha,Suksma,Tiksna,
Vipaka : Madhura,
Virya : Usna,
Karma : Dipana, Medohara, Amapacana, Vidbhedana, Anulomana, Srotosodhana, Vayasthapana
Medicinal Benefits :

  1. Eranda is widely recognized for its medicinal properties, primarily due to the castor oil extracted from its seeds. Castor oil is used as a laxative and is effective in relieving constipation
  2. It is also applied topically for various skin conditions, including dryness, eczema, and psoriasis.
    In Ayurveda, Eranda oil is used in massages to alleviate joint pain, muscle stiffness, and arthritis. It helps reduce inflammation and promotes blood circulation to the affected areas. Additionally, castor oil is known for its antimicrobial properties, making it useful in wound healing and as a natural remedy for skin infections.

Contraindications : The internal use of raw Eranda seeds is toxic due to the presence of ricin. Ingesting them can lead to severe poisoning. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using castor oil internally, as it may induce labor.
 However, once the oil is extracted, it becomes safe for medicinal use when used appropriately.