Scientific Name: Nardostachys jatamansi
Family Name: Valerianaceaes


Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi) is a perennial herbaceous plant native to the Himalayan region. It typically reaches a height of 30-60 cm and features long, lance-shaped leaves with serrated edges. The plant thrives in rocky, alpine habitats at elevations ranging from 3,000 to 5,000 meters above sea level. Jatamansi produces small, pink or purplish tubular flowers in dense clusters. However, it’s most renowned for its aromatic and medicinal rhizomes or roots, which are brownish-black, fibrous, and emit a pleasant, musky odor.

Chemical Constituents:
Jatamansi contains a range of bioactive compounds, including sesquiterpenes, coumarins, and alkaloids. Its primary chemical constituents include jatamansone, nardostachone, valeranone, and patchouli alcohol, which contribute to its medicinal properties. These compounds have been studied for their potential benefits, including anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects, making jatamansi a valuable herb in traditional medicine systems like Ayurveda.


  • Rasa (Taste):Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent), Madhura (Sweet)
  • Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste): Katu (Pungent)
  • Dosha (Balancing Effects): Jatamansi primarily balances Vata and Kapha doshas and has a calming effect on the mind. It is commonly used in Ayurveda for its ability to promote relaxation, improve sleep quality, and support the nervous system.
    Pharmalogical Action:
    Jatamansi exhibits pharmacological properties such as anxiolytic (anxiety-reducing), sedative (calming), anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects. Its bioactive compounds, including jatamansone and nardostachone, contribute to these properties, making it valuable in traditional medicine for alleviating anxiety, promoting relaxation, and potentially improving cognitive and neurological health.
  • Benefits:
    1.Stress and Anxiety Relief: Jatamansi is often used as an adaptogen, which means it helps the body adapt to stress and reduce anxiety. It is believed to have a calming effect on the nervous system and can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety and stress-related disorders.
  1. Improved Sleep: Jatamansi is known for its sedative properties, which can aid in promoting better sleep quality. It may help individuals who suffer from insomnia or have difficulty falling asleep.
  2. Cognitive Enhancement: Some studies suggest that jatamansi may have neuroprotective properties and could potentially enhance cognitive function. It may help improve memory, concentration, and overall mental clarity.
  3. Anti-Inflammatory: Jatamansi contains compounds with anti-inflammatory properties. It may help reduce inflammation in the body, which can be beneficial for conditions such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease.
  4. Skin Health: Jatamansi is sometimes used in skincare products for its potential benefits to the skin. It may help with various skin issues like acne, eczema, and rashes due to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.