Scientific Name: Myristica fragrans

Family Name: Myristicaceae


Myristica fragrans, commonly known as Javitri, is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 9-18 meters in height. It thrives in tropical climates and is native to the Indonesian Molucca Islands. The plant features simple, leathery, and glossy leaves that are elliptical or lanceolate in shape, arranged alternately on branches. The small, pale yellow flowers are unisexual and have a bell-shaped structure. The root system is relatively shallow. The plant bears fruits, which produce two distinct spices, nutmeg and mace. Mace is the aril or red, lacy covering of the nutmeg seed.
Chemical Constituents:
Javitri (Mace) contains various bioactive compounds, including essential oils rich in myristicin, elemicin, and safrole. It also contains terpenes, fatty acids, proteins, and volatile compounds that contribute to its aromatic and flavor-enhancing properties. Javitri is valued for its unique flavor and fragrance and is used as a spice in culinary applications, as well as in traditional medicine for its potential therapeutic properties, including digestive and stimulant effects.

  • Rasa (Taste):- Katu (Pungent), Tikta (Bitter)
    -Virya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste):- Katu (Pungent)
  • Dosha (Balancing Effects):- Balances Vata and Kapha doshas, but can aggravate Pitta dosha in excess. Javitri is commonly used as a spice and has digestive and stimulating properties. It is also known for its aphrodisiac qualities.
    Pharmalogical Action:
    Javitri, the dried aril of Myristica fragrans (nutmeg), possesses pharmacological properties. It acts as a mild sedative, digestive stimulant, and has antimicrobial potential. Javitri is used in traditional medicine for its ability to alleviate digestive discomfort, induce sleep, and as a topical remedy for minor aches due to its analgesic properties.


1.Digestive Aid: Javitri is known for its digestive properties. It can help alleviate digestive issues like indigestion, flatulence, and bloating. It stimulates the digestive enzymes, promoting smoother digestion.

2.Anti-Inflammatory: Javitri contains compounds with anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce inflammation in the body. This property may be beneficial for individuals with conditions like arthritis.

3.Pain Relief: In traditional medicine, javitri has been used as a natural remedy for pain relief. It can be applied topically as an oil or paste to soothe muscle aches and joint pain.

4.Aphrodisiac: Javitri has been considered an aphrodisiac in some cultures. It is believed to improve sexual function and increase libido. However, scientific evidence supporting this claim is limited.

5.Rich in Nutrients: Javitri is a good source of various essential nutrients, including vitamins and minerals like calcium, magnesium, and vitamin A. These nutrients can contribute to overall health and well-being.