Scientific Name: Butea monosperma

Family Name: Fabaceae


Palash is a deciduous tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It typically reaches a height of 15 to 25 meters. The leaves are trifoliate, with three leaflets, each about 10-15 cm long, and they drop in the dry season. The plant thrives in a variety of habitats, from dry, rocky slopes to moist riverbanks. The striking flowers are bright orange to deep red, appearing in clusters, and they bloom in spring. The roots are used in traditional medicine.

Chemical Constituents:
The chemical constituents of Palash are diverse and include flavonoids like quercetin and kaempferol, which exhibit antioxidant properties and contribute to its vibrant red color. Tannins, another group of compounds found in Palash, have astringent qualities and may have medicinal uses. The plant also contains sterols, which are essential components of plant cell membranes. Additionally, glycosides are present, which can have various biological activities. One notable compound in Palash is butein, responsible for its distinctive red hue and believed to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.


  • Rasa (Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)
  • Virya (Potency):Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste):Katu (Pungent)
  • Dosha (Balancing Effects): It primarily balances Kapha dosha and helps in conditions related to respiratory issues and inflammation. It is commonly used in Ayurvedic preparations for its anti-inflammatory properties.
    Pharmaloical Action:
    Palash (Butea monosperma) possesses pharmacological properties such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and analgesic effects. It is traditionally used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat various ailments, including skin disorders, pain, and inflammation. Its bioactive compounds contribute to these therapeutic actions, making it a valuable medicinal plant.


  1. Medicinal Uses:Palash has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. Various parts of the tree, including the flowers, leaves, and bark, are believed to have medicinal properties. They are used to treat a range of ailments, including skin diseases, diarrhea, dysentery, and respiratory disorders.
  2. Natural Dye: The vibrant red and orange flowers of the Palash tree contain a natural dye called “Palash dye” or “Kesudo” in India. This dye is used to color fabrics, particularly silk and cotton. It has been used for centuries to create traditional textiles and has cultural significance in many regions.
  3. Soil Improvement:Palash is a nitrogen-fixing tree, which means it helps improve soil fertility by converting atmospheric nitrogen into a form that plants can use. This property makes it beneficial for agroforestry and soil restoration efforts.
  4. Biodiversity Support: The Palash tree provides habitat and food for various wildlife species. Birds, bees, and butterflies are attracted to its flowers, contributing to pollination and biodiversity in the ecosystem.
  5. Cultural and Religious Significance: Palash holds cultural and religious significance in India and other parts of South Asia. It is often associated with Hindu festivals and rituals and is considered sacred. The tree is also known as the “Flame of the Forest” due to its fiery red and orange flowers, which are associated with the onset of spring and the festival of Holi.