SCIENTIFIC NAME : Cassia angustifolia

FAMILY : Fabaceae


The Sanay plant, scientifically known as Cassia angustifolia, is a small shrub native to North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. It typically grows up to 1.5 meters in height and has pinnately compound leaves with six to eight pairs of leaflets. The leaves are lance-shaped and green, with a characteristic strong odor. The plant produces yellow, five-petaled flowers in clusters. The fruit of the Sanay plant is a cylindrical pod containing many seeds. It thrives in arid regions and is known for its medicinal properties, particularly its leaves, which are used in various herbal remedies.

The Sanay plant contains several chemical constituents, including sennosides, which are anthraquinone glycosides. These compounds are responsible for the plant’s laxative properties. Additionally, it contains flavonoids, resins, and tannins. Sennosides, in particular, stimulate bowel movements by irritating the intestinal lining, making Sanay a well-known natural laxative.

Rasa: Katu (Pungent)
Guna: Laghu (Light) and Ruksha (Dry)
Virya: Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka: Katu (Pungent)
In Ayurveda, the Sanay plant is known as “Swarnapatri” or “Sonamukhi.” It is categorized as “Purgative” and “Rechana” due to its strong laxative properties. According to Ayurvedic texts, it helps balance the “Pitta” dosha. A relevant shloka is:
शोणितं पित्तशोफोऽनिद्राग्रहकृत्तर्द्युषां।
सोनमुखी विषेषेति परानुक्तफले लभेत्।
“This shloka emphasizes the effectiveness of Sonamukhi (Sanay) in treating conditions related to excess pitta, such as inflammation, indigestion, and insomnia.


1.Sanay has been used in traditional medicine for centuries, primarily as a potent natural laxative.
2.It helps relieve constipation by promoting bowel movements and clearing the digestive tract.
3.Sanay is known to have a cooling effect on the body and may help reduce heat-related conditions, such as fever and inflammation. It is also used in detoxification therapies to eliminate accumulated toxins from the body.
4.The plant’s leaves are utilized in Ayurvedic formulations to treat various digestive disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome.

While Sanay can be beneficial for relieving constipation and other digestive issues, it should be used with caution and not on a long-term basis. Prolonged or excessive use of Sanay may lead to dependency on laxatives and electrolyte imbalances. It Is contraindicated in cases of dehydration, abdominal pain, inflammatory bowel diseases, and during pregnancy and lactation. Consult a healthcare professional before use.