Scientific Name: Ficus racemosa

Family : Moraceae


Udumbara, scientifically known as Ficus racemosa, is a deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 30 meters. It has distinctive heart-shaped leaves with a leathery texture. The tree produces small green fig-like fruits that are technically syconia. These fruits have a unique structure with tiny flowers inside. Udumbara is native to the Indian subcontinent and is commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions.

Chemical Constituents
The chemical constituents of Udumbara include various phytochemicals such as flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, and saponins. These compounds contribute to its medicinal properties and antioxidant activity. The presence of these constituents makes Udumbara an important plant in traditional medicine.

Properties According to Ayurveda
Rasa: Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna: Guru (Heavy) and Snigdha (Oily)
Virya: Shita (Cool)
Vipaka: Madhura (Sweet)

In Ayurveda, Udumbara is recognized for its cooling properties. According to Ayurvedic texts:
“शितोष्णात्मको तथा तीक्ष्ण गुरुस्निग्धपाकजित्।
विषापहं कृमिघ्नं च ग्राहिणं त्रिदोषहृद् बलं॥“
(Reference: Bhavaprakasha Nighantu)


1.Udumbara has a long history of use in traditional medicine systems like Ayurveda. It is known for its cooling and anti-inflammatory properties, making it useful for conditions related to excess heat in the body.

  1. Udumbara is used to alleviate digestive issues, skin disorders, and respiratory problems.

3.It also possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties, making it effective in wound healing and skin care.

While Udumbara offers numerous health benefits, it should be used cautiously by individuals prone to respiratory allergies, as some people may be sensitive to its pollen. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult with a healthcare professional before using Udumbara supplements. Always use it in moderation to avoid any adverse effects.