Scientific name – Crataeva nurvula
Family – Capparidaceae
Three leaved caper, barun, baruna, crataeva, borun, holy garlic pear, scared lingam tree and triune all are synonyms of crataeva nurvala. In Ayurveda more than 3000 years bark of this herb is best used to treat kidney stones, urinary tract infections and prostate related disorders as well as benign prostatic hypertrophy. Bark is anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, laxative and carminative in nature. This herb is also good for heart it is used to clear the blockage of arteries. Both the bark and leaves are extensively used to prepare ayurvedic medications. Bark of the tree gernerates alcohol, lupeol, friedlin, disogenin and betulinic acid.
Varun is a moderate-sized deciduous tree that grows up to 20 meters in height. The leaves are compound, lanceolate and inflorescence terminal corymb. The fruits are spherical or oval-shaped berries that contain fleshy pulp with numerous reinform seeds. The bark is rough, grey to the greyish brown outside and pale inside. It is a native plant to Myanmar, the Indo-Malaysian region, and South Asia. In India, it is widely cultivated in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Konkan, and Tamil Nadu.
वरुणो वरणः सेतस्ु ततक्तशाकः कु मारकः । वरुणः पऩत्तऱो भेदीश्ऱेष्मकृ च्छ्राश्ममारुतान ् ॥६५
ननहस्तत गुल्मवाताखकु मी चोष्णोऽस्ननदीऩनः कमायो मधरनतक्तः कटु कोको ऱघःु |
• Plant sterols