Scientific name: Pterocarpus marsupium

Family name: Fabaceae
Vijaysar (Asana) is called the Indian kino tree or Malabar tree in English


The tree reaches up to 30 m in height and up to 2.5 m in girth with straight and clear bole. Bark is scaly, rough, and longitudinally fissured. Leaflets are generally five to seven in number, 8–13 cm long, oblong or elliptic, or rotund, with 15–20 pairs of lateral veins.

Rasa – Kashaya, tikta
Guna – Laghu rooksha
Virya – Ushna
Vipaka – Katu
Doshaghanta – Kapha Pitta hara
Pharmacological Action:
Vijaysaar, also known as Indian Kino Tree or Pterocarpus marsupium, exhibits potent pharmacological actions as an anti-diabetic agent. Its active compounds, epicatechin and Pterostilbene, help lower blood sugar levels by enhancing insulin sensitivity, inhibiting glucose absorption, and supporting pancreatic function. This natural remedy shows promise in managing diabetes.


  1. Bacterial infection: Antibacterial properties of Vijaysaar stem and bark extract have been demonstrated by laboratory studies. Stem extract showed antibacterial activity against Bacillus coagulans and Escherichia coli, which cause stomach infections. Vijaysaar has also been studied to have antibacterial activity against other bacteria such as Streptococcus pyrogens, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococci, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in both laboratory and animal studies.
  2. Cancer: wo components in Vijaysaar extract were found to inhibit the multiplication and spread of cancer cells to other organs. Vijaysaar could also induce the death of cancer cells and is reported to have anti-cancer properties. It may also be used to manage prostate and breast cancer.
  3. Diabetes: Since ancient times, Vijaysaar has been a highly effective antidiabetic agent. It may lower blood sugar levels by protecting and regenerating insulin-producing cells. Many animal studies have shown that it could reverse beta cell (insulin-producing cells) damage and restore normal insulin levels. Clinical studies have shown that Vijaysaar has blood sugar lowering properties without causing any side effects.
  4. Liver: In a study, the liver-protective activity of Vijaysaar bark extract was investigated. The study demonstrated that biochemical parameters such as liver enzymes (used to assess liver function) were controlled after using vijaysaar, a sign of a healthy liver.
  5. Brain: Vijaysaar was found to be a potent memory-enhancing agent, according to an animal study. In animal models, administration of Vijaysaar extracts reduced drug-induced amnesia (loss of memory). In addition, vijaysaar extract has phytoconstituents like saponins that may show nootropic activity (an activity that enhances brain performance).